Ontario Strongman #strongman,strong,man,training,strongman #training,strength #training,ontario,ontario’s,strongest,association,cfsa,series,canada,competition,comp,comps,competitions,contest,contests,list,atlas,stones,lift,powerlifting,powerlift,power,truck,pull,hold,hand,over,harness,log,viking,press,farmers,farmer’s,farmers #walk,farmer’s #walk,yoke,yolk,deadlift,car,squat,super,press,clean,husafell,husafel,husafelt,medley,stone,barrel,sandbag,sand,bag,conan’s,wheel,fingal,fingers,keg,toss,strength,stone #load,athlete,strength #athlete,compete,throw,weight,bar,heavy


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This is Ontario Strongman – once home of the Ontario Strongman Association, and your internet source for Strongman information in the Province of Ontario since 2003. Check out our Resources section for articles and workout spreadsheets.

The site – and the Ontario Strongman Association – came into existance at a time where there was no cohesive direction from the national level, and no central point for Ontario promoters and athletes to come together, plan shows, plan training and workshops, or just communicate with one another. The website admirably fulfilled the stated purpose of organizing and bringing athletes and promoters together across the province, and the Association mandated rules and standards for sanctioned competitions, and fought for (and won) the right to select the athletes to participate in “Canada’s Strongest Man”.

All things must come to an end. Mike Saunders, a Quebec strongman competitor, went to great lengths to establish a new national organization (CAASA ) with representation in each province or geographic area. CAASA is now in their third year of operation, and have been fully embraced by the strongman/strongwoman community. In conjunction with the CAASA efforts, and with the advent of Facebook, Canadian athletes now have a strong communications network, rendering this website unnecessary. With this in mind, the OSA will no longer be “sanctioning” competitions, and this website will be updated only sporadically, unless promoters wish to post their competitions in the Forum, which remains active. Competition posts may also be made on the OSA Facebook page. This site will remain online as a resource and as an archive for past competitions. Please check the CAASA website for local sanctioned competitions.

Please contact CAASA if you are interested in hosting a sanctioned competition.

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Thunder Bay, ON

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Copyright (c) 2010 OntarioStrongman.ca. All rights reserved. Design by Free CSS Templates .


About the LAP-BAND – System #about #lap-band, #weight #loss #system, #gastric #band, #limit #food #intake,


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What is the LAP-BAND ?

Weight Loss Without Invasive Surgery

The LAP-BAND System is a weight loss tool that can help you meet and exceed your weight loss goals. It is a gastric band that helps to limit the amount of food you can eat at once. Through healthy portion control and a healthy lifestyle, you can lose excess weight and keep it off too!

Minimally Invasive

The LAP-BAND System provides a weight loss solution that is minimally invasive. The LAP-BAND gastric band procedure is performed laparoscopically, so you can get back to your weight loss journey quicker.

Long-Term Weight Loss

After all the hard work and dedication that it takes to achieve your goals, you deserve to enjoy your results for years to come. The LAP-BAND program helps with healthy portion control, while care from your team of specialists gives you the techniques to keep the weight off.

An Effective Tool

The LAP-BAND gastric band is a tool that can help you not only achieve your weight loss goals, but exceed them too. You can utilize the benefits of the tool to progress your weight loss and maximize your results, while sticking to a healthy diet and regular exercise regimen.

Why does the LAP-BAND work?

Countless weight loss solutions are available to you. Chances are you may have tried a few of them. Unfortunately, many just didn t deliver the results you were looking for. Time and time again, the feeling of hope has been overcome with disappointment.

So, the question is, why does the LAP-BAND work? It s time to find out how you can change your life with help from the LAP-BAND .

Lose the weight and keep it off with a healthy lifestyle

Would you find it easier to stick to a healthy lifestyle if you weren t constantly hungry? The LAP-BAND System utilizes gastric banding to do just that. A safe and adjustable gastric band helps limit your hunger, ultimately reducing the amount of food you can eat at once. Throughout your aftercare program, you will be encouraged to live a healthy lifestyle with a well-balanced diet and regular exercise. The tools and techniques that you learn throughout the weight loss program will help you to live a long-term healthy lifestyle and keep the weight off for years to come.

Maximize your results with post-procedure support

The LAP-BAND is a tool that can help you lose excess weight, but maximizing your weight loss results by living a healthy lifestyle is up to you. The key to adapting to healthy behaviors is support from the right weight loss clinic. Your team of LAP-BAND specialists will provide you with the knowledge and practices that will help you adapt to a long-lasting healthy lifestyle. Genuine care and support will help you along your journey, especially if you are having a difficult time physically or emotionally. Your team will help you overcome obstacles and ultimately reach your weight loss goals.

DENISE, LOST 115 LBS.

“It feels wonderful knowing that your life has changed for the better .”

An embarrassing moment while at an amusement park with her family was a turning point for Denise. Now, she has a healthy relationship with food and strives to be a strong and healthy role model for her daughters. She has completely changed her life, with help from the LAP-BAND weight loss program.

Find a specialist that fits you.

The key to success with the LAP-BAND is finding the right weight loss clinic. Your team of weight loss specialists will provide you with care and encouragement throughout your weight loss journey. It s important that you find the right weight loss clinic for you.

Find out if you are eligible.

Are you ready to make a change? If you are tired of feeling self-conscious, hiding behind baggy clothing, or not feeling entirely comfortable in your own skin chances are, you re ready. It s important to begin by finding out if the LAP-BAND gastric band will be a safe choice for you.

Important LAP-BAND System Safety Information

Indications: The LAP-BAND System is indicated for weight reduction for patients with obesity, with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of at least 40 kg/m 2 or a BMI of at least 30 kg/m 2 with one or more obesity-related comorbid conditions. It is indicated for use only in adult patients who have failed more conservative weight reduction alternatives, such as supervised diet, exercise and behavior modification programs. Patients who elect to have this surgery must make the commitment to accept significant changes in their eating habits for the rest of their lives.

Contraindications: The LAP-BAND System is not recommended for non-adult patients, patients with conditions that may make them poor surgical candidates or increase the risk of poor results (e.g. inflammatory or cardiopulmonary diseases, GI conditions, symptoms or family history of autoimmune disease, cirrhosis), who are unwilling or unable to comply with the required dietary restrictions, who have alcohol or drug addictions, or who currently are or may be pregnant.

Warnings: The LAP-BAND System is a long-term implant. Explant and replacement surgery may be required. Patients who become pregnant or severely ill, or who require more extensive nutrition may require deflation of their bands. Anti-inflammatory agents, such as aspirin, should be used with caution and may contribute to an increased risk of band erosion.

Adverse Events: Placement of the LAP-BAND System is major surgery and, as with any surgery, death can occur. Possible complications include the risks associated with the medications and methods used during surgery, the risks associated with any surgical procedure, and the patient s ability to tolerate a foreign object implanted in the body. Band slippage, erosion and deflation, reflux, obstruction of the stomach, dilation of the esophagus, infection, or nausea and vomiting may occur. Reoperation may be required. Rapid weight loss may result in complications that may require additional surgery. Deflation of the band may alleviate excessively rapid weight loss or esophageal dilation.

Important: For full safety information please click here, talk with your doctor, or call Apollo Customer Support at 1-855-551-3123.

CAUTION: Rx only.

  1. Dixon, et al. Adjustable Gastric Banding and Conventional Therapy for Type 2 Diabetes. JAMA. 2008.
  2. Obesity News Today. (July 7, 2015). Survey Reveals That While Weight Loss Surgery Still Not Common, Gastric Bands Are Most Favored Option. Retrieved from http://obesitynewstoday.com/2015/07/07/consumer-survey-reveals-gastric-surgery-is-not-a-common-choice/.
2017 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. All rights reserved. Any third-party trademarks used herein are the property of their respective owners.

How Does a Chick Breathe Inside Its Shell? #zoology #science #project, #zoology, #science #fair #project,


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How Does a Chick Breathe Inside Its Shell?

Thoroughly clean any surface the raw eggs touched because they can carry Salmonella.

Abstract

Have you ever wondered how a chick breathes inside its shell? Every animal needs oxygen to survive, so the chick must get air somehow! Try this science project to discover the answer.

Objective

Determine if the pores in a chicken egg shell allow water to enter by soaking raw eggs in dye.

Introduction

Every animal requires oxygen to live. When animals, including humans, breathe in, oxygen enters the lungs, where it is shuttled into the blood stream and distributed to all the different parts of the body. The oxygen is used in an internal chemical reaction called metabolism to provide the animal with energy. The process of metabolism also produces a waste gas called carbon dioxide. In order to get rid of this waste gas, the blood stream carries the carbon dioxide back to the lungs where it is collected and finally breathed out.

Animals that grow inside their mothers, like humans, get their oxygen from their mothers. The blood stream of the baby animal and the mother are connected through an umbilical cord. which allows the baby to collect oxygen that his or her mother breathes in and use the mother’s lungs to get rid of the carbon dioxide. But how do animals that grow in a shell and do not have umbilical cords, like chickens, take in oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide?

Bird and reptile eggs have a hard shell. Directly under the shell are two membranes. When the eggs are laid by the mother, they are warmer than the air, and as they cool, the material inside the egg shrinks a little bit. This shrinking pulls the two membranes apart, leaving behind an air cell. also called an air sack, that is filled with oxygen. As the animal develops, it needs the oxygen replenished so it can continue to grow, and it needs the carbon dioxide it is making to be able to escape from the air cell. So, how does this happen? Well, if you examine a chicken egg carefully with a magnifying glass, you will see that there are tiny little holes, called pores. in the shell. A chicken egg shell has more than 7,000 pores! Do you think that the pores could be a way for carbon dioxide to escape and fresh air to get in? In this science project you will determine if substances can move in and out of an egg through these pores. To do this you will soak several raw chicken eggs in water with food color and detergent. Then you will crack the eggs open and look on the inside of their shells. If the pores really do allow materials to cross back and forth between the inside of the egg and the outside environment, then you should see dye on the inside of the shells. Ready to find out the answer? Time to dye some eggs!

Figure 1. This diagram shows different parts of the egg. Notice the air cell, which forms between the inner and outer membranes.

Terms and Concepts

  • Oxygen
  • Metabolism
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Umbilical cord
  • Shell
  • Air cell, also called an air sack
  • Pore

Questions

  • Why do animals need oxygen?
  • Why do animals need to get rid of the carbon dioxide that their bodies make?
  • What are the different parts of a chicken egg?

Bibliography

These websites have more information about breathing, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and metabolism.

  • The Franklin Institute Science Museum. (2008). Respiratory System: Oxygen Delivery System. Retrieved May 22, 2008 from http://www.fi.edu/learn/heart/systems/respiration.html
  • Inselman, L. (2006, August). Your Lungs Respiratory System. Retrieved May 22, 2008 from http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/lungs.html
  • Ophardt, C. (2003). Carbon Cycle. Retrieved May 22, 2008 from http://www.elmhurst.edu/

This website has more information about chicken eggs.

Materials and Equipment

  • Measuring cup
  • Water
  • Large pot or bowl
  • Measuring teaspoon
  • Liquid dishwashing detergent
  • Blue food color
  • Store-bought raw eggs (6)
  • Tongs or large spoon
  • Cup
  • Plate or paper towel
  • Optional: Camera
  • Lab notebook

Experimental Procedure

  1. Pour 1.5 cups of water into a large pot or bowl.
  2. Add teaspoon (tsp) of liquid dishwashing detergent and tsp of blue food color to the water in the bowl. Mix well.
    1. Make sure to get all of the detergent out of the measuring teaspoon and mixed into the bowl.
    2. Note: If you would like to know why you are using detergent in this experiment, and how it might affect your results, see the Technical Note, below.
  3. Carefully set all five raw eggs in the pot.
    1. Make sure that all of the eggs are submerged in the liquid. If part of any egg is above the surface of the liquid, repeat steps 1-2 and add the extra liquid to the pot until the eggs are submerged. Use a larger pot to do this, if needed.
  4. In your lab notebook, write what time it is. You will be soaking the eggs for 24 hours.
  5. After the eggs have soaked in the liquid for 24 hours, carefully lift one of them out using the tongs or large spoon. How does the egg look?
  6. Crack the raw egg into a cup, being careful not to damage or crush the shell much.
    1. You can later dispose of the raw egg (not the shell) by pouring it down the drain. (The eggs should not be eaten because they were soaked with dishwashing detergent.)
  7. Set the empty egg’s shell on a plate or paper towel and carefully inspect the inside of the shell.
    1. What do you see on the inside of the shell? Do you see any blue coloration? If so, does the coloration form any specific shapes that might be related to the egg’s pores? Are there multiple places with blue coloration? Record your observations in your lab notebook.
    2. There may be blue lines where you cracked the shell open, and these lines can be ignored.
  8. If you have a camera, you can take pictures of the inside of the shells.
    1. If your camera has a macro mode for taking pictures of small objects up-close, take pictures using that mode.
    2. You can print your pictures and put them in your lab notebook and on your Science Fair Project Display Board .
  9. Repeat steps 5-8 until you have cracked open and examined the inside shell of each egg.
    1. Do not forget to record your observations in your lab notebook for each egg.
  10. Did the inside of all of the eggs’ shells look the same, or were there differences? Can you explain why the inside of the shells looked like they did? Based on your data, do you think it is likely that oxygen and carbon dioxide can travel through the egg shell?
  11. When you are done making observations, thoroughly clean any surface the raw eggs (including the shells) touched because they may carry Salmonella. Also, wash your hands thoroughly with soap.

In this science project, the role of the detergent is to help break through the membranes of the egg so that the dye can make a concentrated, visible mark on the inside of the eggshell, rather than a light smear all over it. If you look at Figure 1 in the Background section, you can see that chicken eggs have a shell, followed by an outer membrane, and then an inner membrane. If there is a large enough pore/hole in the shell, the dye will get in; but without detergent to break through the membranes, the dye may get trapped and spread out between the shell and outer membrane, or between the two membranes, and not make a clear mark on the eggshell. The detergent does not affect the eggshell.

Variations

  • Do fresh eggs and aged eggs behave similarly? Buy a dozen eggs whose expiration date is at least two weeks away. Try this experiment with half of the eggs right away. Let the other six eggs age in the refrigerator for two weeks. Repeat the experiment with the aged eggs. How does the data compare between the fresh and the aged eggs?
  • Do other bird eggs give you similar results? Try it and find out! You can often find duck and quail eggs at Asian grocery stores.
  • If the pores in the shells of chicken eggs really do allow materials to cross back and forth between the inside of the egg and the outside environment, then when eggs are boiled in water the air inside the egg should be replaced by water, and water is heavier than air. You can test this by labeling and weighing several raw eggs, cooking them until they are “hard boiled,” and then weighing them again. You will need to use a scale that can distinguish changes as small as 0.1 grams, such as a triple-beam balance (which your school may have) or a very accurate electronic kitchen scale. Did each egg gain weight?
  • For more interesting egg-based science fair projects, try Egg Substitutes .

Ask an Expert

The Ask an Expert Forum is intended to be a place where students can go to find answers to science questions that they have been unable to find using other resources. If you have specific questions about your science fair project or science fair, our team of volunteer scientists can help. Our Experts won’t do the work for you, but they will make suggestions, offer guidance, and help you troubleshoot.

Related Links

Careers

If you like this project, you might enjoy exploring these related careers:


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