Trump s revenge? Laptop ban may not have much to do with plane security #aviation,


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Trump’s revenge? Laptop ban may not have much to do with plane security

US to ban electronic devices on many flights

From Tuesday on, passengers travelling to the US from 10 airports in eight Muslim-majority countries will not be allowed to have iPads, laptops or any communications device larger than a smartphone in the cabin of the plane.

If you are travelling from Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, or the UAE on Egypt Air, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Kuwait Airways, Qatar Airways, Royal Air Maroc, Royal Jordanian Airlines, Saudi Arabian Airlines, or Turkish Airlines, and you want to use your laptop on the flight, you are probably out of luck.

So why is the United States doing this, and how can it get away with it?

The US says it’s all about security

The Trump administration says the new rules were introduced because of intelligence that shows terrorists are continuing to target airlines flying to the United States.

Related Article

An unidentified person familiar with the issue has told The Washington Post that officials have long been worried by a Syrian terrorist group that is trying to build bombs inside electronic devices that are hard to detect.

However, as Demitri Sevastopulo and Robert Wright at the Financial Times suggest, non-US observers are skeptical of this explanation. They note that the United States has not been forthcoming about whether the ban is based on recent intelligence or long-standing concerns.

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There is also no explanation for why electronic devices in the cabin are a concern, and electronic devices in the baggage hold are not.

There is another explanation

It may not be about security after all. Three of the airlines that have been targeted for these measures – Emirates, Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways – have long been accused by their US competitors of receiving massive effective subsidies from their governments.

These airlines have been quietly worried for months that President Trump was going to retaliate. This may be the retaliation.

These three airlines, as well as the other airlines targeted in the order, are likely to lose a major amount of business from their most lucrative customers – people who travel in business class and first class.

Business travellers are disproportionately likely to want to work on the plane – the reason they are prepared to pay business-class or first-class fares is because it allows them to work in comfort. These travellers are unlikely to appreciate having to do all their work on smartphones, or not being able to work at all.

The likely result is that many of them will stop flying on Gulf airlines, and start travelling on US airlines instead.

As the Financial Times notes, the order doesn’t affect only the airlines’ direct flights to and from the United States – it attacks the “hub” airports that are at the core of their business models.

These airlines not only fly passengers directly from the Gulf region to the United States – they also fly passengers from many other destinations, transferring them from one plane to another in the hubs.

This “hub and spoke” approach is a standard economic model for long-haul airlines, offering them large savings. However, it also creates big vulnerabilities. If competitors or unfriendly states can undermine or degrade the hub, they can inflict heavy economic damage.

Weaponising interdependence

As we have argued in the past, and talk about in forthcoming work, the US move can be understood as a variant form of “weaponised interdependence.”

We live in an interdependent world, where global networks span across countries, creating enormous benefits, but also great disparities of power.

As networks grow, they tend to concentrate both influence and vulnerability in a few key locations, creating enormous opportunities for states, regulators and non-state actors who have leverage over those locations.

In this context, the United States is plausibly leveraging its control over access to US airports, which are central “nodes” in the global network of air travel between different destinations.

It is using this control to attack the key vulnerabilities of other networked actors, by going after the central nodes in their networks (the hub airports) and potentially severely damaging them.

What can Gulf airline carriers do?

Gulf airlines have tried to defend themselves against political attacks from US competitors by appealing to free trade principles. The problem is that standard free trade agreements, such as World Trade Organisation rules, don’t really apply to airlines (although they do apply to related sectors, such as the manufacture of airplanes).

This has allowed the Gulf airlines to enjoy massive subsidies, without having to worry too much about being sued in the WTO.

However, it also makes it hard for Gulf states or the states of other affected airlines to take a WTO case against the new US rules, even if these rules turn out to be motivated by protectionism and the desire to retaliate, rather than real underlying security questions.

If this were happening in a different sector, it would make for a pretty interesting case.

States preserve carve-outs from international trade rules when they feel that their security is at stake.

Would the United States prevail in a case like this, where there is a colourable security justification, but where there is also a very plausible argument that the real motivation doesn’t have much to do with security?

Or would the WTO defer to the United States’ proposed justification?

It’s very likely that the Trump administration will make more unilateral rules that are justified using the language of national security, but are plausibly motivated by protectionism, so we may find out.

Farrell is associate professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University. Newman is associate professor of international politics at Georgetown University. For other commentary from The Monkey Cage. an independent blog anchored by a group of political scientists from universities around the country, see www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage.

The Washington Post

Related Articles


Trump s revenge? Laptop ban may not have much to do with plane security #aviation,


#

Trump’s revenge? Laptop ban may not have much to do with plane security

US to ban electronic devices on many flights

From Tuesday on, passengers travelling to the US from 10 airports in eight Muslim-majority countries will not be allowed to have iPads, laptops or any communications device larger than a smartphone in the cabin of the plane.

If you are travelling from Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, or the UAE on Egypt Air, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Kuwait Airways, Qatar Airways, Royal Air Maroc, Royal Jordanian Airlines, Saudi Arabian Airlines, or Turkish Airlines, and you want to use your laptop on the flight, you are probably out of luck.

So why is the United States doing this, and how can it get away with it?

The US says it’s all about security

The Trump administration says the new rules were introduced because of intelligence that shows terrorists are continuing to target airlines flying to the United States.

Related Article

An unidentified person familiar with the issue has told The Washington Post that officials have long been worried by a Syrian terrorist group that is trying to build bombs inside electronic devices that are hard to detect.

However, as Demitri Sevastopulo and Robert Wright at the Financial Times suggest, non-US observers are skeptical of this explanation. They note that the United States has not been forthcoming about whether the ban is based on recent intelligence or long-standing concerns.

You will now receive updates from Business AM Newsletter

Business AM Newsletter

Get the latest news and updates emailed straight to your inbox.

By submitting your email you are agreeing to Fairfax Media’s terms and conditions and privacy policy .

There is also no explanation for why electronic devices in the cabin are a concern, and electronic devices in the baggage hold are not.

There is another explanation

It may not be about security after all. Three of the airlines that have been targeted for these measures – Emirates, Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways – have long been accused by their US competitors of receiving massive effective subsidies from their governments.

These airlines have been quietly worried for months that President Trump was going to retaliate. This may be the retaliation.

These three airlines, as well as the other airlines targeted in the order, are likely to lose a major amount of business from their most lucrative customers – people who travel in business class and first class.

Business travellers are disproportionately likely to want to work on the plane – the reason they are prepared to pay business-class or first-class fares is because it allows them to work in comfort. These travellers are unlikely to appreciate having to do all their work on smartphones, or not being able to work at all.

The likely result is that many of them will stop flying on Gulf airlines, and start travelling on US airlines instead.

As the Financial Times notes, the order doesn’t affect only the airlines’ direct flights to and from the United States – it attacks the “hub” airports that are at the core of their business models.

These airlines not only fly passengers directly from the Gulf region to the United States – they also fly passengers from many other destinations, transferring them from one plane to another in the hubs.

This “hub and spoke” approach is a standard economic model for long-haul airlines, offering them large savings. However, it also creates big vulnerabilities. If competitors or unfriendly states can undermine or degrade the hub, they can inflict heavy economic damage.

Weaponising interdependence

As we have argued in the past, and talk about in forthcoming work, the US move can be understood as a variant form of “weaponised interdependence.”

We live in an interdependent world, where global networks span across countries, creating enormous benefits, but also great disparities of power.

As networks grow, they tend to concentrate both influence and vulnerability in a few key locations, creating enormous opportunities for states, regulators and non-state actors who have leverage over those locations.

In this context, the United States is plausibly leveraging its control over access to US airports, which are central “nodes” in the global network of air travel between different destinations.

It is using this control to attack the key vulnerabilities of other networked actors, by going after the central nodes in their networks (the hub airports) and potentially severely damaging them.

What can Gulf airline carriers do?

Gulf airlines have tried to defend themselves against political attacks from US competitors by appealing to free trade principles. The problem is that standard free trade agreements, such as World Trade Organisation rules, don’t really apply to airlines (although they do apply to related sectors, such as the manufacture of airplanes).

This has allowed the Gulf airlines to enjoy massive subsidies, without having to worry too much about being sued in the WTO.

However, it also makes it hard for Gulf states or the states of other affected airlines to take a WTO case against the new US rules, even if these rules turn out to be motivated by protectionism and the desire to retaliate, rather than real underlying security questions.

If this were happening in a different sector, it would make for a pretty interesting case.

States preserve carve-outs from international trade rules when they feel that their security is at stake.

Would the United States prevail in a case like this, where there is a colourable security justification, but where there is also a very plausible argument that the real motivation doesn’t have much to do with security?

Or would the WTO defer to the United States’ proposed justification?

It’s very likely that the Trump administration will make more unilateral rules that are justified using the language of national security, but are plausibly motivated by protectionism, so we may find out.

Farrell is associate professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University. Newman is associate professor of international politics at Georgetown University. For other commentary from The Monkey Cage. an independent blog anchored by a group of political scientists from universities around the country, see www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage.

The Washington Post

Related Articles


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Reward yourself with your well-earned Etihad Guest Miles in just a few clicks. Do a flight search below and enter your Etihad Guest number. You will be shown how many Etihad Guest Miles you have in your account and whether you can fully redeem the flight with your miles or if you will need to pay a difference. Save miles with your 30% GuestSeat discount. Book by 26 September for departures until 31 October 2016. Return flight must be taken by 31 January 2016.

Promotion Code GUEST30
ExpiredMonday 19th September 2016

Etihad Discounts

Active Etihad Deals and holiday promotion for Oct 2016

We have 20 Etihad deals for you to choose from including 8coupon codes. 12 sales. Latest offer:

It has continuously been declared as world s leading airline for last 5 years. From Abu Dhabi to 76 cities around the world you can fly with this most progressive airline. Now you can book and plan your flights along with upscale car service. Either you are traveling for business or with family Etihad offers the best on board and ground services for travelers. A vibrant approach towards modern day needs of travelers has earned prominent stature for Etihad in commercial aviation history. According to Etihad Airways reviews it has become one of the top airlines in the world.

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State of the Art Lounges Onboard Services

Trained staff equipped with information is eager to make you frequent flyer of Etihad. Personal care for every passenger and extra legroom seating make your air traveling experience a soothing memory. Sate of the art lounge facilities are for business and first class passengers at all destinations it flies from.

Booking Cancellation and Refund Policy

For cancellation of seat and other changes you need to contact nearest Etihad office or call center. Some alterations are possible online through Manage My Booking feature. Global Service Fee is applicable to all the changes you want to make.

Best Price Promise

Etihad Airways promise you the best price and you would not get it anywhere else but on its website. The airline would refund you the difference if you have found lower fare.

Etihad Airways started flight operation in 2003 and became one of the finest airlines of the world. It is UAE National Airline. Customer care, superior facilitation and best rates promise are tremendous attractions for passengers that become further tempting with Etihad Promotional and Discount Codes.

Take advantage of low cost flights all year round with Etihad. Get the latest Etihad Codes to save on flights and enjoy your cheap flights and airfares.
We have a dedicated team searching for the latest Etihad coupons and Etihad codes. Simply enter the Etihad promo code at checkout and save money today. Find the best offers at Voucher Codes UAE for etihad.com, remember to check us regularly before buying online to get Etihad vouchers. Enjoy your saving on Etihad discounts and printable coupons online.

How to Use My Etihad Promotion Code ?

You can enter the code here or read our full detailed Etihad Promotion Code help guide.

‘Like us’ on Facebook for the latest Coupon Codes in your news feed. Don’t forget to share our Voucher Codes with your friends and family. Stay updated on the best money saving discounts for everything you can buy online.

Follow us on Twitter for our latest Discount Codes, plus a daily tweet of our biggest offers. Never pay full price again.

Join us on Google+ to receive our latest Promo Codes & never miss a great discount again. Like something? Enjoyed a saving. Show your appreciation for the hard work our dedicated coupons team does by simply clicking on +1 on Google+.

Join us on Pinterest to discover some interesting things. You can browse our pinboards created to explore new things and share your favourite coupons.

Etihad Savings Tip

Get double advantage! See if Etihad lets you stack codes on top of existing sales!