Child Abuse Overview #crimes #against #children, #criminal #law, #criminal #charges


Child Abuse Overview

Child Abuse: Definition

Child abuse is broadly defined in many states as any type of cruelty inflicted upon a child, including mental abuse, physical harm, neglect, and sexual abuse or exploitation. The specific crimes charged in instances of child abuse can include assault and battery. In many states, certain individuals and caregivers are required by law to report suspected child abuse. Nevertheless, unfortunately, many cases of child abuse go unreported.

A child who has been abused or neglected may experience a range of problems, such as relationship difficulties, lack of trust of adults, emotional outbursts (or retreat), low performance at school, depression, anxiety, and anger.

The Elements of a Child Abuse Charge

As noted above, child abuse is a crime that encompasses a variety of behaviors involving physical, emotional, or sexual mistreatment or neglect upon a child. State child abuse laws define child abuse as any act (or failure to act) that:

  1. Results in imminent risk or serious harm to a child’s health and welfare due to physical, emotional, or sexual abuse;
  2. affects a child (typically under the age of 18);
  3. by a parent or caregiver who is responsible for the child’s welfare.

In most states, the harm must have been inflicted by non-accidental means. This includes intentional acts, actions that were careless (such as, allowing a known sexual offender or known abuser to be with a child alone), and acts of negligence (such as, leaving a child under a certain age at home alone). Also, the harm inflicted upon a child need not be actual, but may include threats or risks of imminent harm .

In addition to state child abuse laws, all states have child protective services (CPS) agencies that investigate reports of abuse and neglect of children in a home. CPS also serves to place children who have been abused or neglected in safer homes, either through adoption or foster care.

Typical defenses include accident, wrongful accusations, and a parent’s right to discipline.

Mandatory Reporting Laws

Every state has mandatory reporting laws that require certain people to report apparent or suspected child abuse to a central authority, such as via a statewide toll-free hotline. The reports — which are often anonymous — are meant to promote early intervention of child abuse.

Many states require any person to report suspected child abuse, whereas other states require mandatory reporting by certain professional, such as doctors, nurses, social workers, school officials, day care workers, and law enforcement personnel. In some states, failing to report instances of child abuse is considered a misdemeanor punishable by fines, jail time, or both.

Examples of warning signs of abuse of a child may include:

  • Physical abuse – unexplained burns, bites, bruises, and broken bones or parent’s philosophy of harsh physical discipline
  • Emotional abuse – extreme behavior, delayed physical or emotional development, attempted suicide, and belittling by a parent or caregiver
  • Sexual abuse – difficulty walking or sitting, reports of nightmares or bedwetting, sudden changes in appetite, sudden refusal to change in front of others or participate in gym activities
  • Neglect – frequent absences from school, obvious lack of medical or dental care, severe body odor, stays home alone

Free Case Evaluation by a Local Criminal Defense Attorney

If you’re being investigated by Child Protective Services, by the police department or by your county’s District Attorney, you will most certainly want to speak to a criminal defense lawyer to determine your best course of action. For your peace of mind, you should know that even in an initial attorney consultation, confidentiality is guaranteed. If you are struggling with child abuse or other criminal allegations, it’s in your best interest to immediately contact a criminal defense attorney for a free case evaluation .

Receive credit card payment #accounting #and #tax,money #management,debit #card,credit #cards,psp,bank #charges,chargebacks., #accounting #and #tax,money #management,debit


How to accept debit and credit card payments

If you’re still contemplating whether to accept debit and credit card payments, stop now: you simply have to if you want to compete. Credit and debit card transactions accounted for 70% — or £170bn – of all UK retail spending last year. And it rises annually. This guide will show you some of the advantages of accepting credit card payments and how to get started.

Why take card payments?

  • Card payments have become the norm for most business transactions: they are convenient and flexible for consumers
  • Cards are essential for sales by telephone and online
  • Card transactions will reduce the need for you to have great quantities of cash on your premises
  • It could open new sales channels for you and avoid missing saes opportunities

How to set up card payments

  • Set up a merchant account with your bank: this will allow you to process card payments
  • You don’t have to use your usual bank to process card payments, so look around for the best deal
  • When you are setting up a merchant account, be prepared to provide information on your business history and performance, detail on your business accounts and cashflow forecasts.
  • You’ll also need to tell the bank about the kind of goods you sell, your suppliers’ details and the type and volume of transactions you expect by credit and debit card.
  • Once you have set up an account – it can take from one to four weeks – the bank will lease you a payment terminal: connect it to the telephone line and you’re ready to go

How much will it cost?

  • Banks charge various fees depending on factors like the degree to which you may be subject to credit card fraud and the overall value of card transactions
  • Expect different charges for debit and credit cards
  • You will pay a monthly fee to rent the payment terminal
  • You will also pay a charge for each transaction – this will be anything from a few pence to 6% of each transaction
  • Some banks also use a payment service provider (PSP) to process transactions on your behalf


  • After researching the options open to you, choose an acquiring bank with which to trade
  • Be ready to provide details on your business and the kinds of transactions you expect to be made by card
  • Set up your merchant account, researching charges and overall cost
  • Decide whether you want to accept all types of card or limit the range with which you trade


Am I liable for disputed card payments?
When all goes smoothly, purchases made by card are very straightforward to process. However, if a customer later disputes a transaction – and can show they didn’t authorize it – you could be asked to refund the sum in full. ‘Chargebacks’ such as this are usually the result of an individual having their card stolen. If you trade online, you are more likely to encounter this kind of fraud.


Payment service provider (PSP): an agency which processes card transactions on your behalf

Chargebacks: when a customer disputes a card payment and you are required to refund the disputed sum


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Linux Dedicated servers represent a great deal of all the dedicated servers in the world, due to the several advantages which Linux has as a server Operating System. Linux Dedicated Servers are more stable and secure, cost less than other dedicated servers and are perfect for any Web Hosting enterprise. Linux Dedicated Server web hosting accounts now represent the greater part of all the web hosting accounts in the world.

At Resellers Panel you will find powerful Linux Dedicated Servers – the ATOM 1 ($60.00/month), the AMD 1 ($100.00/month) and the AMD 2 ($120.00/month) dedicated server configurations offer a wide choice of operating system and Control Panel installation options for server management purposes. Our servers come with an easy-to-use Dedicated Plan Manager, via which you can register new domain names, choosing from our vast collection of available TLDs.

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Why a Linux Dedicated Server?

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Due to the fact that Linux Distributions are not so widely used on desktop computers, there are less viruses and malware software applications that can affect a Linux-based machine. The extensive user community has also created a great number of support forums, which offer solutions and guides for solving most of the problems that could arise.

Linux-distributions, being open-source based, do not require any license fees and are free to use. This helps hosting companies reduce the cost for hiring a Linux Dedicated server even further. Software designed for Linux is also mostly open source, which also helps reduce IT related expenses.

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Linux Web Hosting Servers

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Linux is also the OS of choice when it comes to Virtual Private Servers, especially when using an OS virtualization method, where parts of the main OS are used by each Virtual Machine to communicate with the server’s hardware.

At Resellers Panel, you will find that aside from purchasing a Linux Dedicated Server or a cheap Linux VPS server, you will have an option also to resell these services via our Free Reseller Hosting Program. It allows you to offer Dedicated Servers, Virtual Private Servers and even Semi-Dedicated servers alongside our regular cloud web hosting offers.

Charges filed in police protest case #incident, #robben, #bail, #bondsmen, #charges, #filed, #lewis, #october, #police,


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Charges filed in police protest case

The El Dorado District Attorney’s Office has filed charges against a bail bondsman for an October incident that spurred a protest against the South Lake Tahoe Police Department.

On Thursday, Assistant District Attorney Hans Uthe filed five misdemeanor counts against bail bondsmen Douglas Lewis for an October incident in the Sierra Tract neighborhood in which bounty hunters allegedly entered the home of Todd “Ty” Robben in an attempt to bring him into custody on a Nevada warrant.

The counts against Lewis include unlawful arrest, aggravated trespass, vandalism, battery and damaging a vehicle, according to court documents.

A man who answered the phone at Justin Brothers Bail Bonds Tuesday morning declined to say how Lewis could be reached. The man said there is no comment on the charges before hanging up.

During the October incident, bondsmen from the company entered the Pinter Avenue home of Robben and shocked him with a Taser in an attempt to take him into custom, according to Robben’s account of the incident.

Robben contends the bondsmen did not have a legal warrant for the search.

The pace of the investigation into the incident led Robben to organize a protest against the police department along Al Tahoe Boulevard in January.

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