Causes of Lung Cancer: Smoking, Asbestos, and More #lung #cancer, #causes, #smokers, #nonsmokers, #non #small


Causes of Lung Cancer

What causes lung cancer?

The incidence of lung cancer is strongly correlated with cigarette smoking. with about 90% of lung cancers arising as a result of tobacco use. The risk of lung cancer increases with the number of cigarettes smoked over time; doctors refer to this risk in terms of pack-years of smoking history (the number of packs of cigarettes smoked per day multiplied by the number of years smoked). For example, a person who has smoked two packs of cigarettes per day for 10 years has a 20 pack-year smoking history. While the risk of lung cancer is increased with even a 10 pack-year smoking history, those with 30 pack-year histories or more are considered to have the greatest risk for the development of lung cancer. Among those who smoke two or more packs of cigarettes per day, one in seven will die of lung cancer. But even though the risk is higher the more you smoke, there is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke.

Pipe and cigar smoking can also cause lung cancer. although the risk is not as high as with cigarettes. While someone who smokes one pack of cigarettes per day has a risk for the development of lung cancer that is 25 times higher than a nonsmoker, pipe and cigar smokers have a risk of lung cancer that is about five times that of a nonsmoker.

Tobacco smoke contains over 4,000 chemical compounds, many of which have been shown to be cancer -causing, or carcinogenic. The two primary carcinogens in tobacco smoke are chemicals known as nitrosamines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The risk of developing lung cancer decreases each year following smoking cessation as normal cells grow and replace damaged cells in the lung. In former smokers, the risk of developing lung cancer begins to approach that of a nonsmoker about 15 years after cessation of smoking.

Passive smoking, or the inhalation of tobacco smoke from other smokers sharing living or working quarters, is also an established risk factor for the development of lung cancer. Research has shown that nonsmokers who reside with a smoker have a 24% increase in risk for developing lung cancer when compared with other nonsmokers. An estimated 3,000 lung cancer deaths occur each year in the U.S. that are attributable to passive smoking.


Asbestos fibers are silicate fibers that can persist for a lifetime in lung tissue following exposure to asbestos. The workplace is a common source of exposure to asbestos fibers, as asbestos was widely used in the past for both thermal and acoustic insulation materials. Today, asbestos use is limited or banned in many countries including the Unites States. Both lung cancer and mesothelioma (a type of cancer of the pleura or of the lining of the abdominal cavity called the peritoneum) are associated with exposure to asbestos. Cigarette smoking drastically increases the chance of developing an asbestos-related lung cancer in exposed workers. Asbestos workers who do not smoke have a fivefold greater risk of developing lung cancer than non-smokers, and those asbestos workers who smoke have a risk that is 50 to 90 times greater than non-smokers.

Radon gas is a natural, chemically inert gas that is a natural decay product of uranium. It decays to form products that emit a type of ionizing radiation. Radon gas is a known cause of lung cancer. with an estimated 12% of lung cancer deaths attributable to radon gas, or 15,000 to 22,000 lung cancer-related deaths annually in the U.S. As with asbestos exposure, concomitant smoking greatly increases the risk of lung cancer with radon exposure. Radon gas can travel up through soil and enter homes through gaps in the foundation, pipes, drains, or other openings. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that one out of every 15 homes in the U.S. contains dangerous levels of radon gas. Radon gas is invisible and odorless, but can be detected with simple test kits.

While the majority of lung cancers are associated with tobacco smoking, the fact that not all smokers eventually develop lung cancer suggests that other factors, such as individual genetic susceptibility, may play a role in the causation of lung cancer. Numerous studies have shown that lung cancer is more likely to occur in both smoking and nonsmoking relatives of those who have had lung cancer than in the general population.


The presence of certain diseases of the lung, notably chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD ), is associated with a slightly increased risk (four to six times the risk of a nonsmoker) for the development of lung cancer even after the effects of concomitant cigarette smoking are excluded.

Prior history of lung cancer

Survivors of lung cancer have a greater risk than the general population of developing a second lung cancer. Survivors of non-small cell lung cancers have an added risk of 1%-2% per year for developing a second lung cancer. In survivors of small cell lung cancers, the risk for development of second cancers approaches 6% per year.

Air pollution, from vehicles, industry, and power plants, can raise the likelihood of developing lung cancer. Up to 1% of lung cancer deaths are attributable to breathing polluted air, and experts believe that prolonged exposure to highly polluted air can carry a risk similar to that of passive smoking for the development of lung cancer.

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Sujana Movva, MD on July 26, 2015


Lung Cancer Causes from MedicineNet.

National Cancer Institute.

American Cancer Society.

Asbestos Trust Funds – Mesothelioma Fund #western #asbestos #settlement #trust


Asbestos Trust Funds

Nationwide, over 58 companies have put aside more than $30 billion in asbestos trusts to compensate injured workers and their families. These companies have acknowledged their disregard for worker safety and have been compelled during bankruptcy proceedings to create asbestos trust funds.

Chapter 11 bankruptcy allows struggling businesses to reorganize their finances and continue operating to maximize profits. For companies facing asbestos litigation, it is a way to stop legal proceedings and protect the company from future liabilities. U.S. Bankruptcy Code requires companies involved in asbestos litigation and seeking bankruptcy protection must establish asbestos bankruptcy trusts.

Similar to filing an asbestos lawsuit, claimants are required to provide evidence of asbestos exposure. In many cases, evidence points to negligence from several companies. At-fault companies that have filed for bankruptcy protection can be held responsible through trusts while other companies can be sued in court. It is not uncommon for one claimant to have claims on several companies.

Asbestos Trust Fund List

Asbestos trusts were created by negligent companies that knowingly exposed their workers to asbestos. The following trusts were created to provide compensation for injured workers and their families:

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Free Packet Includes:

  • How to Access Trust Fund Money
  • Ways to Pay for Medical Treatment
  • Statute of Limitations for Your State
  • Legal Options for Patients Families

Request a Free Packet Request Packet

Trust Fund Claim Process

  • File a Claim The claimant submits supporting documentation regarding the injury.
  • Claim Review Trustees review the claim for accuracy to determine if the claimant meets the medical requirements.
  • Claim Liquidation Claimants are offered a financial settlement amount that can be negotiated.
  • Payment Disbursement In some cases, large settlement amounts can be broken into payments.

Have your questions answered immediately.

Asbestos Trust Fund FAQ s

  • What are the criteria to file an asbestos trust fund claim? Bankruptcy trust procedures require asbestos-exposure victims and their families to submit documentation that confirms an asbestos-related illness diagnosis. This includes employment records, medical documentation and a death certificate, if applicable. Anyone who files an asbestos claim must meet medical requirements set by individual trusts. Each trust has lists of compensable diseases, including asbestos lung cancer, mesothelioma and asbestosis. Claimants who choose an expedited review, which offers quicker payments, must meet a minimum set of presumptive exposure and disease levels. Individual claims require more detailed information but may provide higher payouts because they are considered based on individual merits. Anyone seeking funds from an asbestos trust should contact a qualified asbestos lawyer for assistance through the complicated procedure.
  • Who is eligible for compensation from asbestos trust funds? Anyone who has been diagnosed with mesothelioma or any asbestos-related disease is likely eligible for compensation from asbestos trusts. This includes workers who were exposed to asbestos on the job and their family members, who were exposed to second-hand asbestos. Claimants must be able to prove the exposure, through a combination of employment documents, medical records and, in some cases, witness testimony. If the victim has died, close family members, including a spouse, children and parents, can file a claim to receive compensation from trusts. The best way to determine your eligibility is to contact our qualified asbestos attorneys today for a free consultation.
  • How much is the average settlement amount from asbestos trust funds? On average, asbestos trust claimants with mesothelioma receive $180,000 per claim, with an award range from $7,000 to $1.1 million. Other asbestos-related diseases offer different settlement amounts. The amount of individual trust fund settlements are determined by a number of factors including the type of asbestos-related disease, progression of the disease and amount of exposure. Overall, the 30 largest asbestos trust funds contain some $30 billion to compensate victims. Most trust funds pay only a percentage of the requested amounts to ensure there is enough money for all victims. The compensation percentage amounts periodically increase and decrease, depending on the amount of claims made on the trust.
  • How are claim values calculated? Each trust has individual guidelines for payments based on a list of occupation and compensable diseases, including asbestos lung cancer, mesothelioma and asbestosis. The amount of compensation depends on a number of factors, including type of exposure and severity of the disease. Those with the most severe disease, such as mesothelioma, receive the highest claim amount. Claimants diagnosed with mesothelioma receive about $180,000, on average. The award amounts over the some 60 available trusts range from $7,000 to $1.1 million, depending on the total funding in the trust and the amount of claimants. In general, claims submitted in an expedited review receive a pre-determined amount, while claims submitted under individual review receive compensation based on personal circumstance.
  • How long does the trust fund claim process last? The time to process a claim varies greatly depending on the information provided when the claim is filed. Those with limited or inadequate documentation are deemed deficient and sent back to the claimant for more information. Claims that are complete and in order generally receive an offer letter within six to eight weeks. All claims are paid on a first-in, first-out basis, except for claimants with severe financial hardship or exigent health claims, where there is medical doubt the claimant will survive six months or more due to an asbestos-related illness. Those claimants are put to the front of the line. An attorney experienced in trust fund claims can provide guidance and help submit the trust claim to expedite the process.
  • Can a claim be filed if you do not know which company is responsible for the asbestos exposure? It is not uncommon for asbestos-injured claimants to be unable to pinpoint the company responsible for the exposure. In many cases, there is more than one company responsible. Federal bankruptcy code does not limit the number of trust claims an individual can file. There is also no limit on the total allowable compensation. It is not unusual for an asbestos-injured claimants or family members to file claims and receive compensation from multiple asbestos trusts. The best way to identify at-fault companies is to hire an asbestos attorney. Our skilled attorneys will review your work history and other details to help narrow the companies responsible for your exposure.
  • How do I file a claim against an asbestos trust fund? With a confirmed diagnosis of an asbestos-related illness, claimants must determine which company or companies are responsible for the disease. From there, work records, medical documentation and witness statements must be obtained to prove your claim. The appropriate documents must be filed accurately and, in some cases, within a three-year statute of limitations from the diagnosis date. If any of the documentation is deemed incorrect or inaccurate, claimants must correct the mistakes, further lengthening the process. The simplest way to file an asbestos trust claim is to contact an attorney who can walk you through the complicated process. Our skilled asbestos attorneys can help uncover your work history to determine the at-fault company or companies.

Access Trust Funds

Find Out If You Are Eligible for Compensation

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View Article Sources

  • Dixon, Lloyd et al. Asbestos Bankruptcy Trusts and Tort Compensation. Retrieved From
  • FundingUniverse. Johns Manville Corporation History. Retrieved From
  • U.S. Government Accountability Office. “Asbestos Injury Compensation: The Role and Administration of Asbestos Trusts.” Retrieved from
  • Environmental Working Group. “When Bankruptcy Means ‘Business as Usual.’ Retrieved from

Best Los Angeles, CA Asbestos Attorneys #asbestos #lawyers #los #angeles

Top Rated Asbestos Lawyers in Los Angeles, CA

Asbestos Law

Searching for an asbestos lawyer?

An asbestos and mesothelioma lawyer can help you get compensation for your health issues as a result of asbestos exposure or mesothelioma cancer.

Critical to resolving your case is determining who is liable for your exposure.

Potential parties to collect from might include: an asbestos manufacturer, an established victims fund, or an insurance company.

Asbestos cases are complex and require the special niche skill of an asbestos lawyer to show proper fault and damages.

Get help in determining what your claim is worth and how best to protect your legal interests as a result of your exposure to asbestos.

Asbestos Super Lawyers listed here are recognized by their professional achievements and by their peers.

Are you searching for a top asbestos lawyer in Los Angeles, Southern California?

Through Super Lawyers directory, we index attorneys who practice quality and excellence in their work. It is easy to browse asbestos attorney listings in your immediate area, search for a specific individual referred by a friend, or start narrowing your search by practice area.

Did you find individuals who interest you? Learn more by exploring their profiles. There you will find a asbestos attorney’s contact, education, and biographical information to supplement your research. Where possible, our profiles will also include links to a asbestos lawyer’s personal biography, firm website, and other relevant information to consider.

Are you ready to take action? Our profile’s contact form is simple to use and makes it easy to connect with a Los Angeles, Southern California lawyer and seek legal advice.

Super Lawyers Rating System

Super Lawyers is a research-driven, peer-influenced rating service of outstanding lawyers who have attained a high degree of professional achievement and peer recognition. The patented selection process combines peer nominations, independent research evaluations and peer evaluations by practice area. Each year no more than 5 percent of the attorneys in the state are selected for the Super Lawyers list, and no more than 2.5 percent for the Rising Stars list.

About Super Lawyers

Super Lawyers is a rating service of outstanding lawyers from more than 70 practice areas who have attained a high-degree of peer recognition and professional achievement. This selection process includes independent research, peer nominations and peer evaluations. Learn More »

Peter E # #louisiana, #new #orleans, #law #firm, #litigation, #construction #litigation, #construction #projects, #intellectual #property,


Tulane Law School, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1986, J.D.

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, 1981, B.A.


Louisiana State Bar Association
American Bar Association
New Orleans Bar Association
Defense Research Institute
New Orleans Medical Jurisprudence Committee
International Association of Defense Counsel

Fellow, American College of Trial Lawyers

The Best Lawyers in America-Medical Malpractice Law

The Best Lawyers in America – ‘2013 Lawyer of the Year’ – Medical Malpractice/Defendants

Louisiana Super Lawyer

Leadership in Law Award-Top 50 Lawyers in New Orleans, 2007 & 2013

Jewish Community Center
– Board of Directors, 2004 – Present
– Executive Committee, 2006 – Present
– Secretary, 2010

Southern Eyebank
– Board of Directors, 2006 – Present
– Vice President, 2009
– President, 2010

Anti-Defamation League
– Board of Directors, 2007 – Present

Ochsner Clinic Board of Pediatric Councilors, 2008-Present

Jewish Family Services
– Board of Directors, 2008-Present

HeartGift New Orleans
– Board of Directors, 2010
– Vice Chairman

Peter Sperling is a founding member of Frilot L.L.C. He leads the Medical Malpractice & Healthcare section at Frilot. For over 20 years, he has represented physicians in virtually every specialty, hospitals, medical schools, nurses, long-term care facilities, dentists and other healthcare providers in New Orleans and throughout Louisiana.

Mr. Sperling understands the complexity of medicine and the ever-changing, highly-regulated healthcare industry. He is extremely familiar with the New Orleans and Louisiana court systems and has handled some of the most significant cases brought against medical professionals in the area. With a unique combination of medical knowledge and accomplished trial skills, Mr. Sperling has gained a strong reputation as a leading advisor in the New Orleans healthcare community.

Mr. Sperling has shared his legal knowledge, experience and expertise with others through seminars, classes and articles. He routinely gives seminars and presentations to area hospital staffs and medical groups on topics such as proper charting and effective communication between healthcare practitioners and patients. Examples of publications and presentation topics include:

Nursing Home Litigation in Louisiana: Defense Perspective

Legal Aspects of Documenting in Medical Records

Ethical Issues, Legal Liability in Your Practice

Twenty Views Examining Louisiana Malpractice Law

Medical Malpractice Handbook (Contributor), New Orleans Bar Association

The Ten Never Evers of a Malpractice Case. Peter E. Sperling, J.D. and Neil Baum, M.D.

Mr. Sperling has extensive trial and appellate experience. In recognition of his trial expertise, he is a Fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers, one of the premier legal associations in America.

Asbestos Mesothelioma Attorneys New Orleans, Louisiana #asbestos #attorneys #louisiana, #mesothelioma #asbestos #law #litigators, #asbestos #specialist


Welcome to Landry Swarr

Louisiana’s Asbestos Attorneys

Mesothelioma Attorneys Who Understand the Devastating Effects of Asbestos Exposure

The attorneys at Landry Swarr are focused on asbestos law and will fight for the rights of victims and their families. We have extensive experience representing families dealing with all types of occupational diseases including malignantmesothelioma . lung cancer and toxic chemicals such as benzene . Our firm prides itself on being skilled, tough litigators while remaining sensitive to the pain and needs of the families we represent.

Asbestos law isn’t just an area we cover – it’s ALL we do.

When facing a complicated disease like mesothelioma you cannot afford to entrust your case to an attorney who handles litigation in a variety of fields. At Landry Swarr we have tremendous experience in the field of asbestos-related diseases. We have seen the anger and frustration of learning that a loved one has been wrongfully exposed to asbestos. We have witnessed first-hand the devastating effects these diseases have on families. We have conducted extensive research on the industries and companies who may have contributed to asbestos exposure, and we have focused our practice in this area of the law since 1999.

We represent families throughout the state of Louisiana and our offices are located in downtown New Orleans. Please call us today at 866-275-8706 to talk to an attorney.

Recent Verdicts

Landry Swarr has announced a $4.4 million dollar award for statutory heirs in a mesothelioma case against Ford Motor Company and Southern Talc Corporation in favor of decedent William A. Oddo, Jr. » Read the Case Details

Landry Swarr has announced a $6.4 million dollar award for Mrs. Mary Morvant in a mesothelioma case against Asbestos Corporation Limited. » Read the Case Details

Landry Swarr has announced a $5.6 million dollar award for statutory heirs in a mesothelioma case against Asbestos Corporation Limited in favor of decedent Jereiana Relf. » Read the Case Details

Washington Mesothelioma Attorney #washington, #mesothelioma, #attorney, #asbestos, #asbestos, #attorney, #mesothelioma #attorney, #asbestos #lawyer

Washington Mesothelioma Attorney

If you have been diagnosed with mesothelioma as a result of asbestos exposure from a work site located in the state of Washington, it is advised to immediately seek the help and assistance of a professional Washington mesothelioma lawyer. Mesothelioma is a fatal condition, and it is for this reason that the assistance of an experienced Washington mesothelioma attorney is important in order to file a law suit against the company or person responsible for causing the asbestos contamination.

It is a fact that there are numerous companies across America that fail to warn their workers and employees about the dangers and hazards posed by the exposure to asbestos, which is used in their operations. As a result of this, many people unknowingly fall victim to a variety of diseases that are induced by asbestos exposure, placing their lives and the lives of their families in jeopardy.

The treatment of this condition is both painful and expensive. It is also a fact that the disease does not show any symptoms till decades after the initial exposure to the toxic mineral that triggered the development of the disease.

Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral that is found in the form of soil and rock deposits at various locations across the United States of America [1]. Apart from the fact that the mineral is found occurring naturally, it is also used in many industrial operations and commercial products that are still being used today [2]. Although strict regulations and laws against the excessive use of the mineral have been implemented across the country, there are hundreds of people who have been exposed to the risks of developing dangerous diseases resulting from asbestos exposure at their work sites or indirectly by second hand exposure. If you suffer from mesothelioma due to asbestos exposure because of the negligence of your employers, you should contact a Washington mesothelioma lawyer for the legal procedures that involve filing a lawsuit against the company you worked for.

Asbestos contamination in Washington:

Ship breaking industry:

In Washington, hundreds of deaths were reported from the ship breaking and the building and repairs industries. This was because of the usage of asbestos as an insulator in these improperly ventilated and congested areas where workers were forced to work for long durations during the Second World War. Asbestos was the chief component used in the lining of many sea vessels in order to make them entirely fire proof, as a result of this; the mineral was highly concentrated below the deck where there was no proper ventilation.

Paper and pulp production:

In this part of America there are certain industries that have progressed and flourished more than the rest. In terms of asbestos usage, the paper and pulp production industries lead the list of excessive contamination of the mineral. The paper and pulp production industry makes significant use of asbestos in its operations, whereby the mineral is an integral component of the pulp. Some of the main applications of the mineral in this industry are adhesives and drying felts which are important components of the pulp in the paper making process. There are a number of paper and pulp manufacturing industries located in the Northwestern region of the country. Apart from the fact that asbestos is a component of the pulp that makes the paper, some of the machinery and equipment installed in these factories have also been made using asbestos and asbestos containing materials.

Power plants and oil refineries: Other industries making great use of asbestos in their operations across the state include major power generation plants and oil refineries. Workers at oil refineries are required to wear specialized fire proof suits because they are exposed to elevated temperatures at the work site. Ironically, while these suits may protect the workers from fire and heat related hazards, they also expose them to the risk of inhaling or ingesting asbestos fibers because these suits are created using the mineral as an insulation lining. The intact asbestos in these suits can be exposed in case of any damage, like ripping or tearing of the fabric.

If you have worked at any of the above or below mentioned job sites that have been contaminated with asbestos in the state of Washington and developed mesothelioma, you should contact a Washington mesothelioma attorney as soon as possible and file your case. A legal law suit can help you win a mesothelioma award as you have been exposed to asbestos without your knowledge.

Job sites with asbestos exposure in Washington:

There are a total of 90 cities across Washington where asbestos exposure and contamination has been confirmed and the number may raise even higher if the usage and processing of the mineral is not reduced and regulated by the governmental authorities. The city that contributes to the greatest percentage of asbestos exposure and contamination occurring in the whole state is Seattle which alone is home to a staggering 155 sites confirmed for being contaminated by asbestos and exposing workers and residents to the risks of developing dangerous diseases. The following job sites are known to be contaminated by asbestos:

The Alaska Pipe line in Seattle, the ALCOA Aluminum Plant in Wenatchee, Alhadeaf Residence in Seattle, Alaska sheds in Tacoma, Alcoa plant in Wentachee, American Bridge in Boundry Dam, American Bridge in Tacoma, Allied Mech in Seattle, and the American Building Maintenance in Everett. These are a few of many asbestos contaminated work sites in Washington.

Mesothelioma treatment centers in Washington:

At least 1730 people have died due to asbestos exposure since the year 1979 [3]. Mesothelioma is a fatal condition and the diagnosis of this disease is critical, because it can develop symptoms spontaneously years and years after the asbestos exposure that triggered it initially. This is why it is crucial to get an early diagnosis so that treatment can be started as soon as possible. The state of Washington has the following treatment center for mesothelioma:




1959 NE PACIFIC ST. BOX 356310